These are the 4 most active volcanoes that exist

There are incredible volcanoes in incredible landscapes that remain active today. We fly to meet them in regions of Italy, France or the United States.

There are currently about 1,500 active volcanoes worldwide. When they erupt, they can destroy entire cities, force airplane landings and cause massive population displacements. Although some of them remain asleep for decades, others wake up quite frequently. These are four of the most active in the world.

Stromboli, Italy

Located in southern Italy, among the Aeolian Islands, Stromboli is one of the most popular volcanoes for tourists because it is surrounded by beaches and incredible flora around it. This Mediterranean volcano has been erupting almost nonstop since the 1930s and was quite active for 2,000 years before that date.

It shines for kilometers at night, which has earned it the nickname of "the lighthouse of the Mediterranean." Stromboli eruptions are generally small but frequent, with lava jets that leave their summit approximately every 20 minutes. This style of eruption is so different from Stromboli that scientists refer to any other volcano with small and frequent eruptions such as "Strombolian."

It has rarely caused damage to property or humans: once in 1919, once in 1930 and, more recently, in 2003. One of its outstanding dangers is Sciara del Fuoco, or Fire Stream, a large scar that extends along the northwest edge of the volcano. If it collapses, it could cause tsunamis and dangerous clouds of volcanic material erupting in the air.

Piton of the Furnace, France

Piton of the Furnace is located on the French island of Reunion, in the Indian Ocean, an enclave that is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It erupts about once every nine months. It culminates at 2,632 and constitutes 40% of the island in its southeastern part. It is among the most active volcanoes on the planet. In fact, if we attend to the frequency of the new eruptions (on average one every nine months), it probably holds the first place worldwide, although due to the average volume of lava emitted (estimated between 0.32 cubic meters per second it is approximately ten times less productive than KÄ«lauea, and comparable to Etna

Scientists closely monitor Piton of the Furnace at the Piton of the Furnace Volcano Observatory, being able to predict eruptions several weeks before they happen, with enough time to warn hikers, close roads and provide emergency instructions.

This volcano has only had two catastrophic eruptions in the last 50 years. The first occurred in 1977 when an unusually strong lava flow reached a populated area and caused serious damage to the village of Piton Sainte-Rose. The second was 30 years later, in 2007: a considerable eruption released dangerous sulfur clouds and sent a strong lava flow down the mountain, destroying the island's main road.

Etna, Italy

The second most active volcano on earth, Mount Etna, is located in southern Italy, near Sicily, between the provinces of Messina and Catania. It is about 3322 meters high, something that varies depending on the constant eruptions. In fact, today it is 21.6 meters lower than in 1865. It is the active volcano with the highest height of the Eurasian plate, the second in reference to political Europe after the Teide and the highest mountain in Italy south of the Alps. Locally it is nicknamed "Mongibello" ("Beautiful Mountain").

Although the eruptions of Mount Etna rarely cause damage, this past July 2019, a particularly ashen eruption forced the authorities to close two airports in Catania, Sicily. A flight had to be diverted, and several more could not take off. Also in 1992 an attempt was made to divert a lava flow that threatened Catania, which was named "Operation Volcano Buster". He involved the United States Marines working with the Italian government to take explosives and make a large hole on the side of the volcano to slow down the lava. It finally proved a failure.

However, Mount Etna is known for its harmless character and its benefits to the Sicilian economy: it has a fertile soil very prone to agriculture and is a great tourist attraction.

Mount Kilauea, United States

Mount Kilauea (in Hawaiian) is a hyperactive shield volcano in Hawaii, and the most active of the five volcanoes that make up the island of Hawaii. It has an age of 300,000 to 600,000 years and holds the title of most active volcano in the world. It is currently in the middle of the longest eruption ever recorded, which began in 1983. This eruption has produced lava that covers more than 160 square kilometers of land and has expanded the coast of the island.

Mount Kilauea is so active that it has become part of the traditional Polynesian legends of Hawaii. As they say, this enclave is the home of the Hawaiian goddess of volcanoes, Pele, both destructive and creative, since while the eruptions cause damage, solidified lava creates new lands and fertilizes the existing soil.

Kilauea is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, part of a national park and can be visited by tourists. Although some sections of the park are closed due to recent eruptions, visitors can go to the Kilauea Visitor Center, learn about hiking trails and sign up for activities. But make sure you don't take lava rocks with you, it is considered disrespectful towards Pele, and the locals advise against this practice.