Why telling stories to your children is essential for their learning

We explain the current importance of stories and oral narration to identify feelings, learn or have a fun time with the little ones in the house.

Explaining a story to someone leads us to spend an exciting, entertaining time. It can be even intriguing or touching. For children, most of the stories they hear or read enhance their imagination and creativity. In fact, explaining stories is not new, and our ancestors in the caves told stories around the fire, between roads, in secret, as a means of transferring information. And so they learned and informed. In some walls of some caves, illustrations of these stories are still preserved.

Thus, from generation to generation, stories pass from parents to children, from friends to friends, from classmates to classmates, in different ways and recently, through multiple formats.

But, despite the format, it is still the story that transports us to other worlds and prepares us for adventure. Stories are designed to distract children, but, at the same time, they can help in many other aspects. A story has many lives, many situations in which it can be explained, interpreted, reread and collected and can be a tool to help people close to the boy or girl - at school, at home, in socialization spaces such as associations or clubs- in the daily task of educating and accompanying growth, and at the same time having fun with the little ones.

Working emotions through stories is very important in relation to collective prevention, very advisable from school and at the same time from home with individual prevention. From five research groups, five basic pillars applied in schools are being worked on. Are:
  • the recognition of emotions and feelings,
  • know how to express emotions,
  • teach self control
  • make friends
  • and learn to be responsible.

So, a story can be a tool (we might even call it a "trampoline") key to communicating with a boy or a girl. Professor and writer Irma Goshn, based on her experiences in children's education classrooms, argues that the advantages are mainly four:

  1. It provides varied experiences on an emotional level in the child, creating brain circuits prepared for empathy;
  2. It broadens the child's vision towards the interior of human behavior, and becomes aware of it;
  3. It offers you strategies that help you develop your interpersonal relationships with other children;
  4. And finally, and not least, it strengthens the learning of your emotional language.

How to explain a story

A story can be explained through illustrations, it is not always necessary to read the text. Sometimes, the text may seem a bit out of the child's language and it may be better to receive a more flat explanation from the person who tells it.

The first objective is for the listener to identify with one of the characters and thus create the necessary empathy between the main character and the boy or girl.

The scholar Marco Dallari argues that the work of the images of an illustrated book is not to subordinate but to complement the written word. For children, it seems to have a more important role than words.

An exercise that we put into practice to work the characteristics of the story with the children is to help them create their own illustrations. Reviewing what the little readers liked most about the story, they are encouraged to draw it, using colors and writing the name of the main characters. Thus, the story arises that bases its argument on an adventure that involves at least one emotion and this, together with some activities to work after reading, accompany the development of the child's emotions.

And it is in fact these activities that often help to fix, measure and solve the doubts and mysteries in the growth of the little ones.