ad

How the 5G will revolutionize robotics forever


The possibility of wirelessly transmitting large volumes of data changes the paradigm and breaks down many limits. In this article we will explain different aspects of the relationship between 5G and robotics.

5G is the term that has gone from being only in the mouth of professionals to be part of the conversations of any citizen. The reason? It is no longer a future project, but a reality that anyone can hire and that over time will be offering more companies.

As users, it gives us an incredible speed in phones prepared to use this technology. We can play online in real time without the need to install programs, download chapters at fiber optic speed and share and receive files with a lot of power. However, beyond the advantages offered to users, the 5G also allows a jump to robotics, industry and research.

Companies are increasingly working on greater robotization of their warehouses, such as Mercadona hives or Amazon centers, and try to mechanize the transfer of merchandise as much as possible. But robotics welcomes many other aspects that may be of interest, more if you add the 5G.

This will help the 5G to robotics

The first aspect is the most obvious, the transmission of data at very high speed without the need to be hooked to wiring offers to break with spatial limits that forced the construction of structures. With the 5G there is the possibility of unlimited movement.

Another boost is the improvement in latency with 5G. The reduction of latency enables and encourages machine learning, AI and the connection of multiple devices in the same system.

On paper, with these two doors open, the sector is already boosted considerably, if only because of the budget reduction that eliminates the wiring and the benefit of latency.

But another point worth mentioning is the lack of interference offered by 5G networks. According to the head of standardization of the 5G in Nokia, the possibilities of isolation are enormous, which optimizes communication and security.

The hour of certainties has arrived

In the last two years we have seen numerous videos on Twitter about how humanoid or dog-shaped robots performed tests, overcame challenges or received beatings. In general, they were controlled and sensational pills in search of virality. At the end of the day, showing images of the Terminator is only part of the discourse that seeks more spectacle than reflection.

As the possibilities in robotics and big data grow, so do ethics commissions in companies and specialists who advise on these areas. Although on many occasions they are practically advertising that companies do, the same employees press and put their critical voices in the newspapers.

Areas where the improvement will influence

There are many areas where robotics can be driven to help us, but the world of medicine seems one of the most promising, especially when it comes to surgery.

One of the main problems in not making the leap to operations carried out in a targeted manner was in the speed and poor security of the connections. Although the population concentration is increasing, having adequate equipment would make it possible to carry out emergency interventions in cities where the appropriate surgeons are not available. Perhaps there are operations that can never be done remotely, but with others that do not pose a great risk it is possible to advance exponentially.

The factories could be the space where more was invested in the mechanization of warehouses. It is already common in many companies that much of the work is done by machinery alone. But, unfortunately for human employment, the rise of 5G and AI can mean a revolution that expels jobs from many spaces.

Just as if it were a science fiction film, conscious factories, with machinery moving autonomously, large volumes of data in emission and process, and mix of fixed and mobile machinery can be a reality. This type of factory would need a volume of data that would be unaffordable with 4G or other wireless communication mechanisms. On the other hand, with 5G it is possible.

Of course, this type of technology could also help in many other sectors: agriculture, food, transportation, etc.

Investment

However, all this is facing the first big problem, the investment. When there is a large volume of business can be allowed an investment that will be rewarded with the passage of time, but in small businesses or where it is considered that the bet is not secure enough, may generate reluctance.

The problem is not in the 5G connections, which are usually more or less acceptable, but in the equipment to process all the information and in the robotic elements. More so in a post-crisis period, and who knows if also before another, it is complicated to think that many businesses make huge investments in mechanization.

Humanoid robots

Since Protagoras said that "man is the measure of all things" until now, factories and our entire environment has been built on the scale of man. The adaptation to space and commercial factors have led to a large part of the samples being made with robots in a humanoid form, although in many cases this involves more of an obstacle than an advantage.

One of the most well-known robots is T-HR3, the robot manufactured by Toyota and the Japanese operator NTT Docomo. This humanoid that could be seen at the end of 2017 was controlled by 5G and its operation basically was the repetition of the same movements made by the operator. But it also allowed a feedback, or investment, in which the operator was forced to perform the movements of the robot when it made them. As you could see in the videos, the connection was wireless and the movements were simultaneous to our eyes.

This same robot, freed from the humanoid form and adapted to a specific task, is a good example of the existing possibilities in order to create machinery focused on a specific function.

Improve data loss

Everything explained can be applied and seen with better eyes if one of the biggest problems that exist is annulled: the loss of data in the communication between teams. At the moment, it seems that good results are being achieved in all the experiments and it does not stop saying that the authentic 5G is coming.

One of the companies that is betting on all these aspects is Ericsson and according to the tests done with robots and direct connection to the cloud, human supervision begins to be unnecessary in a part of the tasks.

Time of transition in the labor market

As much as communication technologies improve, AIs are optimized, they encourage machine learning and adapt equipment to spaces, at the moment we would enter a period of transition in which humans will continue to be necessary. Perhaps in smaller numbers, but we are still far from what is promoted. Just as there is talk of flying taxis or, more simply, drones that deliver parcels, it is still far from popularizing everything that is sold as possible.

With the popularization of the 5G we enter a new phase in which robotics will accelerate its pace, but the news will come with caution. Although they are more or less rapid, these types of changes usually arrive gradually.