What is the Yottabyte, the unit of measure that you will use very soon?

With the appearance of the Internet of Things, all the Big Data we know will fall short and we will enter a new paradigm: the 'Big Data'. That new world will require a new measure for the storage of digital data: the Yottabyte.

We are in the era of large volumes of information, at a time when Big Data floods everything. There is no doubt about this extreme, but what some already begin to venture is that this concept may fall short in terms of the great explosion of data that we live in these moments.

And that's when the paradigm of Big Data emerges,

The reasons for this terminological change are not trivial. So far we have integrated structured and unstructured information from sources such as business databases, social networks, texts or images. But in the Big Data there is an additional ingredient that will change everything: the Internet of Things.

It will be this boom of connected devices, from an electrical appliance to the last sensor of an industrial machinery, from our roads to our own heart, which will bring with it the exponential multiplication of the amount of data that must be processed in each second.

As if that were not enough, these data will be transmitted in real time from very diverse locations (and not in a centralized way as it happened until now in the data centers or with the cloud deployments). With this, communication networks must also be much more flexible, with greater bandwidth and minimal latency (have you heard of the 5G?).

For example, a button: since the first Internet browsers emerged in 1993, Internet traffic has grown by a factor of 10 million. But since the introduction of the iPhone in 2007, mobile data traffic has grown by a factor of 1,000. There is nothing.

According to Cisco, during this same year it is expected that the monthly Internet traffic will increase by approximately 24,000 petabytes, of which 8,000 petabytes will correspond to digital information in mobility.

Therefore, the usual units of measurement when measuring the weight of this information is being somewhat short.

Surely our readers are more than familiar with terms like 'megabyte' or 'gigabyte'. It is even likely that they have begun to embrace the concept of 'terabyte'. And only Google processes daily around 30 petabytes of information. But in a context with such a volume of data created at all hours, the next step is essential.

And this one is called 'yottabyte'. Although this unit was adopted in 1991 it is not until now when we are beginning to see it in action, jumping other intermediate steps between the petaybyte and the Yottabyte like the Exabytes or the Zettabytes.

A Yottabyte is the equivalent of 1024 Zettabytes, which in turn is the equivalent of 1024 Exabytes, which in turn brings together 1014 Petabytes. In space, creating a storage system on this scale would require around one million current data centers, something unthinkable now but more than likely in the immediate future.

To get an idea, it is estimated that the weight of all digital data transmitted on the Internet in 2018 was around 10 Zettabyte. Therefore, it would be necessary to multiply by 100 the amount of information handled throughout the world in order to reach a single Yottabyte.

This is the era that looms on the horizon, the scale that data center manufacturers, telecommunications operators and digital service providers are beginning to adopt as the new standard. And is that, how much data do you think we can be producing and driving daily within just a few decades?

In fact, Intel estimates that next year each one of us will produce more than 1.5 Gb of data every day ... just by existing! That's equivalent to 1.5 million messages of WhatsApp (text only), 750 images (with a weight of 2 Mb each), the whole day listening to music in standard quality without stopping or between three and five hours of videos played on YouTube .

If we look at the Big Data produced by the autonomous car, we talk about more than 4,000 Gb of data per day that could be produced on all four wheels. But the connected planes are not far behind: up to 40,000 Gb of data per day will handle these giants of the heavens, combining both air navigation data and entertainment services and on-board connectivity.