Change of Summer Time

The next Saturday night we will live the first time change of 2018 and the clocks will be advanced one hour: at 2 o'clock in the morning it will be 3. We will tell you about the origin of the summer schedule that begins this spring.

This week the new summer time arrives. On Sunday, March 31, 2019 at 02:00 in the morning will happen at 03:00, and we will advance the clocks one hour. As every year, next Saturday we will sleep one hour less, and our clocks will move forward and at two, it will be three o'clock. That you may have asked yourself on some occasion what is the origin of the change of summertime and why it is done. Today we explain what the origin of this modification is.

The change of time is currently due to a European directive that affects all the countries of the European Union, and whose main purpose is to make better use of electricity and solar hours and consume less electricity. Twice a year - usually the last Sunday in March and the last in October - the Europeans adjust their watches to comply with the requirements of this EU Directive 2000/84 / EC. To determine the time of the time modification, the fact that in Spain there are two official hours, one for the Peninsula and the Balearic archipelago and one for the Canary Islands, which are one hour behind since 1922, was taken into account.

The origin of the time change dates back to the First World War, in which it obeyed the purpose of keeping the factories open one hour more. This measure, which was intended to favor production and trade, began to be applied regularly during the oil crisis in the seventies, and since 1981, all of Europe has synchronized the pointers of its watches at the same time.

Despite the multiple changes in the labor market caused by decentralization, new activities, technological innovation or labor flexibility, the end of the hour change is still adapting human activity to the duration of the day, pretending to take more time sunlight or reduce electricity consumption.

In the Spanish case, Spain adapted to the German schedule - making the change that currently operates - in 1940, although in reality, due to the geographical position on the map, it would correspond to change our schedule according to the Greenwich meridian. Since 1981 we have followed European regulations and we cannot avoid it, although at this moment the possibility exists for each country to select its own time zone, something that could be effective in the next 2020.

Although studies carried out by the European Commission that emphasize the positive impact of the measure on transport, energy saving, safety, health, leisure or quality of life, numerous groups and discordant voices remain in force they oppose the hourly changes and request both that these changes be eliminated and the number of time zones reduced. Some of our neighboring countries of the planet, such as those near the equator, in which the number of hours of sun remains practically unchanged throughout the year, have no change to summer time and therefore, not to winter.