Bloodmoon January 2019: How to photograph the total lunar eclipse

The Bloodmoon in January 2019 is a sexy subject. Professional photographer Bastian Werner shows how you photograph the natural spectacle impressively.
The earth slides between the sun and the moon in the morning hours of January 21, 2019: We can then observe a blood moon.
A lunar eclipse takes much longer than a solar eclipse, so you have plenty of time for good photographs. Since it is a full moon night, the moon is already at sunset in the northeast in the sky.
Expiration of the lunar eclipse
From about 4:10 clock begins the entry into the earth's shadow. At about 6:12, the moon is in the shadow of the core. At 6:43 clock the darkness is over.
You can easily see the current direction of the moon on the website for your location. Place the placemark there in your position and you will see the exact direction of the moon on a map.
Camera settings: shutter speed, aperture, ISO sensitivity
The camera settings vary according to the current luminosity of the moon. The problem is that the moon moves on in the sky. For this reason, the exposure time is limited to the top, you can not simply use a long exposure time to make a well-exposed photograph, the moon would blur.
The following table gives you a guideline, from which focal length you just can not see any motion blur. Relative to full format with 24MP resolution:

15mm 10s
50mm 3s
100mm 2s
200mm 0.5s
600mm 0.2s
This is the limit set. Since most lenses offer the best resolution physically in the range of f / 5.6 to f / 10, this is the preferred aperture range. The moon is very dark in the core shadow of the earth, so you have to do without this ideal aperture area and photograph with the aperture fully open.

The ISO sensitivity is the last weapon against too dark an exposure. These will have to be set to high values ​​the darker the moon gets. Check your photos regularly, zoom in on the moon and see if it's well and brightly exposed.
Photographing the lunar eclipse: This is how pictures of the blood moon succeed 
High-end moon photography: stack of images for maximum detail 
In the time when the moon is in the shadow of the core, the moon is so extremely dark that you can only work with very fast lenses and a very high ISO number. The moon will be red in all phases of the lunar eclipse, so from a photographic point of view, you will hardly see a difference, whether you are shooting in the shadow of the nucleus or before / after.
There is no way around a large focal length if you want to image the blood moon in the photo. "Just keep it" with the telephoto lens is plenty unspectacular. Try adding a theme to the "trajectory" that gives your image content in addition to the moon. An advantage is that the moon will be flat above the horizon. For this reason it is easier to find a suitable motif. Look for a motif that stands out in the sky and looks interesting next to the moon. This can be a single tree on a hill or a castle on a mountain, which you can photograph with the telephoto lens from below skyward. With monday.comand the map there, you can check how you have to position yourself on the subject so that the moon appears behind it. I recorded the shot of the Frankfurt skyline in this way with a 150-600mm lens.
The weather - coverage of the sky crucial
The annoying topic at the end - because there are clouds in the sky, you can not observe the lunar eclipse. But even clouds can be avoided and you can inform yourself in time, in which regions the sky is free.
 Degree of cloud coverage in% of Central Europe Super HD model.
This weather map shows the degree of coverage of the sky. In percent, it indicates how much the sky would be clouded in a place if you were looking up. In this example you see a completely overcast sky on the North Sea coast and some clouds in the extreme southwest of Germany. The rest is virtually completely clear of clouds. The sky should be a maximum of 30 percent covered in the environment of your subject before the many dense clouds prevent photographing the lunar eclipse. The weather map shown can be found at under the model map "Central Europe Super HD" , if you select the "degree of coverage" in "Parameter".
The weather model can predict the degree of coverage 72 hours into the future, so you can already see the clouds for Monday from Friday and adjust to which region you should photograph the lunar eclipse.
 Cloudless skies above the horizon made it possible to photograph the moon behind Hohenzollern Castle.
Another great remedy is the satellite image, this shows the clouds that are really in the sky. The weather map from before is just a model calculation, albeit a very accurate one. During the day, keep watching the satellite image on Friday and see if there are clouds in your scene or if the sky will be clear.
It is important not to rely 100 percent on the weather maps, but to check the reality! The pictured satellite image can be found at under "Satellite Images" .

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